Kaziranga Park Issues

  • Flooding always present Kaziranga with a problem, being a seasonal floodplain for three separate rivers. For example in 1998 due to exceptionally heavy rainfall parts of the park were under 6 meters of water. Much was washed away and an estimated 652 animals, including 42 rhinoceroses, were lost.
  • Poaching. Between 1980 and 2005, over 500 Indian rhinoceroses were hunted by poachers, with a decreasing trend over the past few years. However 18 one-horned rhinoceroses were killed by poachers in 2007. Preventive measures such as construction of anti-poaching camps and maintenance of existing ones, active patrolling, good intelligence gathering, and control over the use of firearms around the park have reduced the number of casualties.
  • Tourism Development and traffic increase. The southern boundary, bordered by the Highway 37 has had huge development pressure, and is beginning to cut off migratory corridors and higher ground needed during seasonal flooding. Car accidents involving animals have increased and conflict with new development and encroachment cause continuous park management problems
  • Chemical pollutants from tea plantations and uncontrolled new development have the potential to do long term damage to ecosystems, specifically water based contaminants borne into the park.