Climatic conditions: The Sundarbans forests are vulnerable to floods, cyclones, sea level rise and coastline erosion due to its geographical location of lying in the low coastal zone. In addition, the forests and their wildlife face the growing threat of increased salinity, higher tidal surges and permanent submergence due to climate change. These issues are more prevalent during the monsoons, when the water levels in the water bodies rises, and can cause serious havoc.
Biotic pressure: The Sundarban Islands are inhabited by a large population that depends directly on the forest resources for its livelihood. In addition, due to the remote location of some of the islands, the inhabitants are deprived of health care and energy sources, which leads to poverty. Their dependence on the forest results in disturbance to wildlife, and further leads to human wildlife conflict.
Human wildlife conflict: The Sundarban tigers have a notorious reputation of being man-eaters. This misconception stems from the increasing cases of tiger attacks on humans due to the constant contact that the two species come into, as they share the same finite space.